A regional trade agreement (RTA) is a treaty between two or more governments that sets the trade rules for all signatories. Examples of regional trade agreements include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Central American-Dominican Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), the European Union (EU) and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). A free trade agreement removes all barriers to trade among members, which means that they can freely move goods and services between them. When it comes to dealing with non-members, each member`s trade policies continue to come into force. These agreements between three or more countries are the most difficult to negotiate. The larger the number of participants, the more difficult the negotiations. They are, by nature, more complex than bilateral agreements, insofar as each country has its own needs and requirements. Businesses in Member States benefit from increased incentives to trade in new markets as a result of the measures contained in the agreements. Online Research Documents General documents relating to regional trade agreements carry the WT/REG document code.
As part of the Doha Agenda trade negotiations mandate, they use TN/RL/O (additional values needed). These links open a new window: Allow a moment for the results to appear. The failure of Doha has enabled China to reach a global level of trade. It has signed bilateral trade agreements with dozens of countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Chinese companies have the right to develop the country`s oil and other raw materials. In return, China provides loans and technical or commercial assistance. Customs union member statesA customs union is an agreement between two or more neighbouring countries to eliminate, reduce or eliminate tariffs and remove quotas. These unions have been defined in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and are the third stage of economic integration.
The Committee on Economic Relations and Policy of Economic Union and The Policy of The Economic Union and Eastern Europe of the Common Market is a kind of trade agreement in which members remove internal trade barriers, adopt common policies on relations with non-members and allow members to move their resources freely among themselves. The legitimization of the RTA by the GATT formed the basis for the development of the Union which eventually became the European Union, from sectoral cooperation within the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952 to the enlargement to a customs union with the negotiations on the Treaties of Rome in 1957.