In August 2014, the Ministry of Transport announced that Abellio, Arriva and Govia had been shortlisted to apply for the next northern franchise.   The franchise was loaned in December 2015.  The decision means that in less than two years, the Conservatives have nationalized two major rail franchises after taking over the East Coast line in June 2018, which is now operating as LNER after the collapse of Virgin East Coast Trains. In May 2016, the Competition and Market Supervisory Authority opened an investigation into the transport department`s decision to lend the northern network to Arriva.  Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned numerous bus and coach companies in the northern train operating area, where there was “significant overlap without competition from other service providers.”  – transmission will take place on March 1, 2020 at 0200 hours; The transfer of businesses (employment protection) applies to all existing workers in the North will move into the new business; All workers remain in the railway pension scheme (PSR); There will be no changes to payment dates and agreements; Current uniforms will be maintained immediately; The benefits of travelling with other Arriva operators are withdrawn; Arriva Village services are being withdrawn; Once the new employer takes office, there will be a “100-day review” that will assess the state of resources in critical operational areas and review the organization`s leadership; The new employer will endeavour to establish a reciprocal travel regime for employees with LNER, who are also public; The service agreement between the new operator and the DfT will depart from the current agreement; Younger retirees will continue to benefit from travel services, as is currently the case, until the end date of the Originally proposed Northern franchise; The status of currently displaced managers will not change; Annual wage negotiations continue as usual. On February 6, 2019, the RMT announced that after “a driver guarantee to all trains, including the new fleet, for the duration of the current franchise,” it had suspended further union action on Arriva Rail North, ending successive Saturday strikes since August 25, 2018.  The decline in franchise subsidies is expected to bring Arriva down in a loss; The Times reported in the summer of 2019 that the Department of Transportation considered the franchise “unsustainable” and was preparing an Operator of Last Resort (OLR) in the event of a franchise break.  The government and the franchisee have adopted a strategy to invest in new trains, to attract new passengers, to end subsidies – but the franchise is struggling to increase passenger numbers, a challenge that has been compounded by the consequences of the chaotic change in schedules in May 2018. For more information on the transfer, visit the website www.northern.olrholdings.co.uk The RMT union predicted that the decision would “open the floodgates” for other franchises to be admitted into the public sector. In October 2019, the Secretary of State for Transport, Grant Shapps, submitted a request for proposals to the incumbent operator Arriva and the operator of last resort, which would lead to the end of the franchise with Arriva in order to take over a short-term management contract or the operator of the last medium.  The DfT decided to terminate the franchise with the last-guessing operator to take over the franchise.    Last week, Shapps stated that the future of another, the South West Railway, was questionable after the First Group-MTR joint venture declared that it was short of money.